Step One – Cut a V-shaped notch in the fireboard (base) on the edge. Start a small depression at the tip of the V with a rock or knife tip. Place a piece of tinder under the notch to catch the ember when it falls.
Step Three – Tap the base to deposit the ember onto the bark, then transfer it to a tinder bundle and blow it to flame. Note – be slow, steady and pacient in step three. Once an ember is created, with all the energy exerted, you would not want to repeat step two.
Step One – Create a center hole or find a hole in your selected material for a flywheel. The flywheel should be rounded. Force the spindle through the flywheel center hole. The spindle should be a tight fit. Select wood for the crossbar and bore a larger hole that will slide freely on the spindle.
Step Two – Lash the crossbar to the top of the spindle with cordage or sturdy shoelace.
Step Three – Wind up the flywheel so your cordage material twists around the spindle, press down and let up on the crossbar. The momentum will rewind the crossbar in the opposite direction. Repeat until friction creates a glowing ember.
Step One – Cut a notch at the edge of a round impression bored into the fireboard, as you would for a hand drill. You should loosely attach the string to a straight, stout stick.
Step Three – Drop the glowing coal into your previously prepared fine tinder, cup the tinder in your hands, and lightly blow until it catches fire. Remember to exersize patience as to not waste your effort.
The tube is closed on one end, very smooth inside and bored true. Equal care is taken in the creation of the piston. A “gasket” of wound thread, fiber, or other material ensures a proper seal for successfully creating the compression. This gasket is “greased” to help with the seal and to allow free travel of the piston.
Step One – Grasp a shard of hard rock, such as flint or quartzite, between your thumb and forefinger with a sharp edge protruding an inch or two.
Step Two – Tightly clamp a piece of tinder under the thumb holding the piece of flint. Grasping the back of the striker, knife blade, or ax in your other hand, strike a glancing blow against the edge of flint.. If you’re using an axe, hold the head still and sharply strike the flint near the blade, where the steel is harder. Sparks break off the steel and will be caught by an edge of the tinder.
Step Three – Carefully fold the into a tinder nest and blow on it until it ignites.
Another option is to use a magnesium-and-steel tool. The advantage of this method is that the magnesium shavings ignite briefly and at an extremely high temperature eliminating the need for only the most flammable tinder.
Step One – Using a knife blade or striker, shave a pile of magnesium into a bed of tinder.
Step Two – Quickly scrape the steel edge of the tool with the back of a knife blade or the scraper to shower the tinder with sparks.
Step Three – When the tinder starts to smolder, gently blow on it until it ingnites.
Rock method – An ideal tool for starting a spark-based fire, the striker should be made of flint for best results. If you can’t find flint, look for quartzite, which is much more common and is hard enough to strike sparks from steel.
Step One -Identify your striker. Quartzite can be identified by the many crescent-shaped fractures on the surface.
Step Two – Choose a quartzite boulder that is flat and round, if possible. Use a second rock to chip off a piece. Make sure you excersize caution when chipping the striker.
Step Three – A flake broken from the quartzite boulder is usually sharp enough to use as a striker or knife. Anything shape should not be taken lightly. A sharp stone can be as good as a knife and will cut you.